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Мадонна с младенцем. Сиена, 1370-е. Паоло ди Джованни Феи

Сиенская школа живописи

Живописец Паоло ди Джованни Феи (около 1335/1345-1411) / Paolo di Giovanni Fei (c.1335/1345-1411) (Sienese, Italian, San Quirico, active by 1369 - died 1411) – сиенской мастер, "открытый" в XX веке после столетий забвения.

Паоло ди Джованни Феи. Мадонна с младенцем. Фрагмент. 1370-е годы. Музей Метрополитен, Нью-Йорк

Сиенская живопись – смешение византийских, готических и (прото)ренессансных элементов.


Паоло ди Джованни Феи. Мадонна с младенцем. 1370-е годы. Музей Метрополитен, Нью-Йорк / 1370s. Madonna and Child. Paolo di Giovanni Fei (Italian, San Quirico, active by 1369–died 1411). Tempera on wood, gold ground. Overall, with engaged frame 87 x 59.1 cm; painted surface 68.6 x 42.9 cm. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Source. [Catalogue Entry]
Credit Line: Bequest of George Blumenthal, 1941
Accession Number: 41.190.13
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 625

This independent panel of the Madonna nursing her child is among the masterpieces of fourteenth-century Sienese painting. It transforms a common, maternal activity into an icon of devotion and is painted with Fei's special feeling for decorative richness and technical refinement. The engaged frame is original, as are the gold-backed, glass medallions with images of the Annunciation, saints, and the head of Christ—a technique known as verre églomisé. The picture may originally have stood on an altar or hung in a domestic interior.

Catalogue Entry

This imposing picture, one of Fei’s most accomplished, is completely intact, with its original engaged frame richly decorated with gilded pastiglia and small cabochon stones alternating with medallions of verre églomisé (see Eisler 1961 for a discussion of this technique). The top and bottom center medallions are lost. The others depict, from top left to bottom right: the Archangel Gabriel and the Virgin Annunciate, Saints Paul and Peter, Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist (or Matthew), and an unidentified saint (or Saint John the Evangelist) and probably Saint Catherine of Alexandria. The central medallion on the Virgin's cloak is also in verre églomisé and depicts the head of Christ.

An early work by the artist, the picture is usually dated to the 1370s. Its composition, with an actively posed child set against a rigidly frontal Madonna, recalls works by Ambrogio Lorenzetti such as his landmark Madonna and Child of 1319 (Vico Alto, Siena). Like his contemporaries Lippo Vanni and Bartolo di Fredi, Fei was attentive to the innovations of his great forebears, translating some of their most memorable compositions into works of refined elegance. His paintings are invariably more planar and the execution is always exquisite. In this case the brushstrokes delicately follow the form, endowing the features of the figures with the effect of a shallow relief.

The picture, whose provenance cannot be traced prior to the twentieth century, may have been painted for a domestic setting, but it is worth noting that occasionally pictures of this format were also adapted for use on an altar. Such, for example, is the case with a Madonna of Humility by Fei, which was incorporated as the centerpiece of an elaborate altar in the cathedral of Siena commissioned from Andrea Bregno by Cardinal Francesco Piccolomini in the 1480s.

Among the interesting technical details is the evidence that a compass was used to mark out the tondi in the spandrels and the series of arches decorating the main arch above the Madonna. As is so often the case, the blue of the Madonna’s mantle has darkened and the modeling is no longer visible.

[Keith Christiansen 2011]


Sir R. Torrens; F. C. Clift, London (until 1925; sale, Christie's, London, July 17, 1925, no. 118, as Sienese School, for 780 gns. to Sekeyan); [Sekeyan, Paris, from 1925]; ?[Durlacher, Paris and New York, 1925]; George Blumenthal, New York (by 1926–d. 1941; cat., vol. 1, 1926, pl. XXIII bis, as by Paolo di Giovanni Fei)


Madonna and Child, detail. Paolo di Giovanni Fei. 1370s. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Source


При другом освещении(?) цвет такой:


Madonna and Child, detail. Paolo di Giovanni Fei. 1370s. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Source

Похожая цветопередача и на втором варианте воспроизведения работы на сайте Мет: на Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.

О художнике и прочие его работы – в другой раз.

Tags: Италия, Сиена, готика, живопись, млекопитательница, средние века, художник

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